The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on Land Marginalized Communities In Kenya
In the wake of the coronavirus crisis, governments across the world, including that ofKenya, have adopted a raft of far-reaching measures to curtail the spread of the virus.In Kenya, measures put in place include closure of learning institutions, mandatory selfquarantine for all who have entered the country in the recent past, pay cuts for a number of top civil servants, limited movement of prisoners and cessation of prison visits. The Judiciary and other government institutions have scaled down operations,among other actions. Consequently, the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic has been dire on several fronts, ranging from sociocultural disruptions to economic reorganization. Just like other frontline sectors, the land sector has not remained immune to these cataclysmic effects. Land governance processes have also been halted or suspended as a direct impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The plight of land marginalized communities, for instance, has deteriorated since the Government containment measures were announced, thus worsening an already dire situation that is a carryover from the effects of historical marginalization and structural disenfranchisement.
THE RURAL WOMEN’S LAND RIGHTS CHARTER: TOWARDS ACHIEVING WOMEN’S LAND RIGHTS
The Rural Women’s Land Rights Charter of Kenya is a bold expression of the concerns/ issues and their aspirations of women living in rural areas on land matters. At the core of these aspirations is the realization of secure and protected women’s land rights and security for their land-based livelihoods. Women from rural areas in 24 counties in Kenya highlighted their issues and expressed the kind of change they would like to see on matters land through the Rural Women’s Land Rights Charter. Rural women in a breakfast launch in Nairobi proclaimed this charter on October 13th 2016. During this launch, the Cabinet Secretary in charge of the Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning and the Chair person of the National Land Commission committed their institutions to fully implement the demands. The Rural Women’s Land Rights Charter of Kenya is a bold expression of the concerns/ issues and their aspirations of women living in rural areas on land matters. At the core of these aspirations is the realization of secure and protected women’s land rights and security for their land-based livelihoods. Women from rural areas in 24 counties in Kenya highlighted their issues and expressed the kind of change they would like to see on matters land through the Rural Women’s Land Rights Charter. Rural women in a breakfast launch in Nairobi proclaimed this charter on October 13th 2016. During this launch, the Cabinet Secretary in charge of the Ministry of Lands and Physical Planning and the
Women, Land and Property Rights and The Land Reforms in Kenya
Land is the foundation of all human activities both social and economic. This is particularly so in agrarian economies such as Kenya. In these economies women are central to economic production in agriculture and livestock sectors. In Kenya, where the mainstay of most communities is agriculture and livestock production, women contribute up to 80 % of the workforce. Nevertheless, women only hold 1% of registered land titles in their names and around 5-6 % of registered titles held in joint names. It is a pity that women who comprise over half of the Kenya’s population, rarely own any reasonable forms of property, land included;
The Efficacy of Establishing A National Land Commission for Land Administration in Kenya
Land administration has been described as the set of services that make the land tenure system within a country socially relevant and operational. This is through determining, recording and disseminating information about the tenure, value and use of land necessary for the implementation of land management policies
Public Land Tenure and Management of Public Land in Kenya
The present public land tenure management system in Kenya is fragmented, uncoordinated and non-transparent. The public land tenure as embodied in the Government Lands Act, Cap 280 of the Laws of Kenya lacks a coherent information system and is bedeviled by a lack of clarity in the roles, responsibilities and policies of different institutions in its administration, planning and disposal. Thus, there is a need for a set of national norms and standards to ensure efficient and effective use of public land as an asset in support of land reform.
Land Use in Kenya The case for a national land use policy
This book exposes the key land use and environmental problems facing Kenya today due to lack of an appropriate national land use policy. The publication details how the air is increasingly being polluted, the water systems are diminishing in quantity and deteriorating in quality. The desertification process threatens the land and its cover. The soils are being eroded leading to siltation of the ocean and lakes. The forests are being depleted with impunity thus destroying the water catchments. The savannas and grasslands are undergoing de-vegetation through overgrazing, charcoal burning and other poor land use practices leading to desertification.
Challenges Facing the Implementation of the Forest Act 2005
The Kenya Land Alliance (KLA) welcomes the new Forest Act 2005 for placing forest resources at the core of sustaining both the local and national economies. Indeed locally forests are a source of food, fodder, wood fuel, construction materials, spiritual and cultural nourishment and traditional medicines among others. The Act, beyond highlighting the environmental and ecological functions of the forest sector, affirmsthe importance of our forest cover as one of the country’s major national assets, and this underscores the need to entrench it.
The National Land Policy in Kenya Must Address Natural Resources
Although The National Land Policy Formulation Process is concentrated on addressing land issues, the reform agenda requires inter- alia that there are policy directions for establishing an equitable framework for economic growth and access to natural resources. The natural resources in question include water, forests, minerals, mineral oils, wildlife, marine resources, fisheries, pastures, and wetlands. Natural resources are important for social and economic development as a source of revenue and enhancement of lives of communities whose livelihoods entirely depend on them. Thus, it is necessary that the use and access to natural resources is regulated for sustainable development.
Kenya Finally Starts the Process of Developing a National Land Policy
The Government of Kenya through the Ministry of Lands and Housing (MOLH) has finally embarked on the process of developing a National Land Policy (NLP) that is envisaged to be in place by June 2005. It has been a tortuous journey for many in the civil society and other stakeholders. The NLP will come, as a gratifying culmination of a battle well fought and the win will hopefully be savoured for a very long time to come. The Minister of Lands and Housing, Hon. Amos Kimunya launched the NLP policy formulation process during a two-day stakeholders’ workshop that was held at the School of Monetary Studies in Nairobi. The meeting held on 10th and 11th February 2004, drew participants from different departments in the MOLH and the civil society, private sector, academic and professional bodies. Other participants included representatives from UNEP, DFID, JICA, Oxfam GB and UN Habitat
A Critical Look at the Environmental Management and Co-ordination Act (EMCA), 1999
As the Government of Kenya treads the path to economic recovery, every Kenyan should be at home with the fact that many forms of economic development activities damage the natural resources upon which the economies are based. Nationally and internationally, a major environmental and development challenge is how to maintain the equilibrium between population, ecosystems and development.